Who Decides On the Time Zones?

Everything in life is dictated by time, and relying on where you live, your time is totally different than somebody somewhere else. This hasn’t always been the case. How then was it determined how our time was divided up?

The origins of time zones will be traced to at least one specific change in transportation–the rise of the railroads. Within the late 1800s, when trains became the wantred technique of travel throughout the US, a problem surfaced. Passengers wanted to catch their train at a specific time in their a part of the country, and trains wanted a set time so they wouldn’t crash into every other.

Towns often set their native time by the sun’s movement, so when trains began to chop the journey time between these towns, the time between these areas was vastly different. The railroads had to have totally different arrival and departure occasions for different trains depending on the local time the place the train was coming or going. It turned a scheduling mess, and a better way was needed.

The railroads were the primary to develop a time zone system in 1883 instead of relying on the federal government. They established four zones throughout the country; the Jap, Central, Western, and Pacific. These zones are carefully aligned with the zones we’ve today. It wasn’t till 1918 that these time zones became official under the Commonplace Time Act. This was additionally when daylight saving time was established.

A year after the railroads set their time zones, delegates from 25 international locations met in Washington DC to determine time zones worldwide and across completely different countries. They set the standard starting level (the Prime Meridian) on the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England. With every 15 degrees longitude change, the time changed by one hour. Going east an hour was gained, and by touring west an hour was decreased. The result was 24 time zones that covered your complete world.

The selection of Greenwich because the Prime Meridian was because of its in styleity, though other international locations had been utilizing other longitude reference points. The observatory had a file of accurate and reliable navigation data used in the shipping industry, and Britain had more ships and shipping site visitors than the rest of the world combined at that time. It wasn’t wholly adopted by each country proper away, however. The French used Paris as their Prime Meridian until 1911.

So who ultimately decides what the time zones are? It’s actually determined by individual countries. While many nations adopted the hourly time zones, there have been still many variations as different nations decided on half or quarter-hour deviations from these zones.

Many nations have modified their time zones to fit their needs. In 1949, China’s communist authorities moved the country’s 5 time zones into one. The time for your entire country was primarily based on the time in Beijing, and the reason was to establish national unity. There are different oddities with time zones across the world. In the summer, Australia has not only vertical time zones like we are familiar with however horizontal ones as well, and Russia really covers twelve time zones but only acknowledges 9 of them.

The current time zones are removed from uniform, and many different strange time zones crop up because of daylight saving time. This would require a wholly separate discussion.

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